Lesson 18

Diphthongs เ◌า, เ◌ย,

Reading

The following diphthongs are made up of two parts which "wrap" the consonant or cluster to which they relate.

CharactersPronunciation
เ◌า-aw
เ◌ย-əəy

For example:

WordPronunciationMeaning
เผา/phǎw/roasted
เข้า/khâw/enter
เคย/khəəy/be accustomed to
เลย/ləəy/Loei (province)

There are several common /เ◌า/ words that are pronounced irregularly, with a long vowel. These include:

WordPronunciationMeaning
เก้า/kâaw/nine
เท้า/tháaw/foot
เจ้า/câaw/god
เปล่า/plàaw/empty

Note that syllables with either of these diphthongs can't have an additional final consonant.

Here are some examples of both diphthongs to practise reading.

And now some slightly longer words.