Lesson 23

Tone Marks ◌๊, ◌๋

Reading

The final two tone marks are ◌๊ and ◌๋.  ◌๊ always produces a high tone (e.g. โจ๊ก /cóok/, rice porridge); ◌๋ always produces a rising tone (e.g. ตั๋ว /tǔa/, ticket). This completes our tone rule table:

ClassLiveDead◌่◌้◌๊◌๋
  Short VowelLong Vowel    
HighRisingLowLowLowFallingHighRising
MiddleMidLowLowLowFallingHighRising
LowMidHighFallingFallingHighHighRising

Now try reading these words. (As you'll probably notice, almost all of them are loan words from other languages. These two tone marks were specifically invented to allow foreign words which don't match the native Thai tone system.)

Writing

CharacterNotes
tm3Start by drawing the loop clockwise.
tm4Start by drawing the vertical line downwards, then the horizontal one, left to right.