Lesson 10

Consonants , . Long Vowels ,


In this lesson we encounter two new consonants and two new vowels. Let's start with the two consonants, and , which are low class and high class respectively.

/s//sɔɔ sôo/ChainContrast with
/th//thɔ̌ɔ thǔŋ/BagContrast with

We can now complete our table of corresponding high and low class regular consonants:

High Class
Low Class

Here are some words using these new characters.


And here are some longer ones to practise.


And now for two more vowels, and :


These vowels are written before the consonant to which they relate. So, for example แพง (meaning "expensive") is read in the order พ-แ-ง and is pronounced /phɛɛŋ/. Similarly แขก ("guest") is read ข-แ-ก and is pronounced /khɛ̀ɛk/.

Here are some practice words:


Here are some slightly longer words to practise reading.



A variant of . Start by drawing the loop clockwise. Pay attention to the noch on the stem of the loop.
A variant of . Start by drawing loop clockwise. Careful with the shape of the "beak".
eeAs usual, start with the loop.
aeDraw the two parts of the character left first, then right.