Lesson 35

Rare Irregular Consonants , , , , , , ,

Reading

This lesson covers eight rare irregular consonants.

The first five new consonants are:

CharacterClassPronunciationNameMeaningNotes
Low/kh−/, /−k//khɔɔ ráˑ​khaŋ/Large bell 
Low/ch−/, /−//chɔɔ chəə/Species of treeContrast with ,
Mid/d−/, /−t//dɔɔ cháˑdaa/Classical headdressContrast with
Mid/t−/, /−t//tɔɔ paˑtàk/GoadContrast with . (There's an extra notch.)
Low/l−/, /−n//lɔɔ cùˑlaa/Kite (toy)Contrast with ,

Notes

  1. can not occur as the final consonant of a syllable.

Here are some more or less common words to practise reading.

 

The final three consonants are all pronounced the same way:

CharacterClassPronunciationNameMeaningNotes
High/th−/, /−t//thɔ̌ɔ thǎan/Pedestal 
Low/th−/, /−t//thɔɔ monˑthoo/Montho (name of wife of a giant)Contrast with
Low/th−/, /−t//thɔɔ thâw/Elder 

Here are some words to practice reading:

 

Finally, here are words using all eight consonants:

 

Writing

CharacterNotes
Start with the loop, anticlockwise, and continue in a single stroke. Then lift your pen and write the crossing stroke downwards.
Start with the loop, anticlockwise, and continue in a single stroke. Then lift your pen and write the crossing stroke downwards.
Start with the loop, anticlockwise, and continue in a single stroke. Then lift your pen and write the crossing stroke downwards.
Start with the loop, anticlockwise, and continue in a single stroke. Then lift your pen and write the crossing stroke downwards.
Start with the loop, anticlockwise, and continue in a single stroke. Then lift your pen and write the crossing stroke downwards.
Start with the loop, anticlockwise, and continue in a single stroke. Then lift your pen and write the crossing stroke downwards.
Start with the loop, anticlockwise, and continue in a single stroke. Then lift your pen and write the crossing stroke downwards.
Start with the loop, anticlockwise, and continue in a single stroke. Then lift your pen and write the crossing stroke downwards.